Have you or a loved one suffered health problems from toxic exposure? We understand the concerns you have:

  • How could this have been prevented?
  • Will I ever fully recover?
  • What are my legal options?

We understand the anxieties you're facing during this difficult time. Our experienced work injury lawyers are here to help.

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Our knowledgeable toxic exposure lawyers are prepared to fight for your rights and earn the compensation you deserve.

— Brian Mittman, Esq.

Some construction site dangers are more obvious than others. We know that accidents involving heavy machinery or falls from high distances can cause serious injuries.

However, there are other serious hazards which aren't as clear to the naked eye. Every day, construction workers are exposed to a variety of toxic gases, chemicals, and dusts. Exposure to these elements may not immediately result in physical injuries, but it can lead to serious and life-threatening illnesses. Worst of all, many of these workers unknowingly bring these toxic elements home at the end of the day.

Exposure to harmful substances and environments accounts for about 16% of fatal construction injuries. It is the employer's responsibility to provide a safe working environment. If you or a family member has become ill because of exposure to toxic elements, it's important to hold negligent parties liable.

Hazardous Construction Site Conditions

Certain working conditions increase the likelihood of toxic exposure. OSHA identifies several hazardous conditions that can be anticipated and avoided in order to reduce the risk of exposure:

  • Confined and enclosed spaces
  • Contaminated soil
  • Use of hazardous chemicals (gases, solvents, glues)
  • Residues left by degreasing agents
  • Older buildings & unoccupied dwellings (fungi/mold, asbestos, lead)
  • Radiological exposures


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Common Health Hazardsyellow radioactive bins

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has identified three categories of health hazards found at construction sites:


There are several different types of chemical hazards present in construction sites:

  • Gases
  • Vapors
  • Fumes
  • Dusts
  • Fibers
  • Mists


Most of the physical hazards are unrelated to toxic exposure. However, OSHA lists ionizing and non-ionizing radiation under the Physical umbrella.


  • Fungi (mold)
  • Bloodborne pathogens
  • Bacteria
  • Poisonous plants
  • Poisonous and infectious animals

Toxic exposure can be avoided if proper safety protocol is practiced. It's up to your boss and chemical manufacturers to notify you and provide the proper protection for worksites with toxic health hazards. Management should regularly evaluate job sites for the presence of these hazardous conditions.

common construction site hazards infographic

Spotting Health Hazards

Employees should be educated on construction site dangers and trained to identify the presence of such conditions. There are a few ways to recognize health hazards on the job:

Visual Cues

Sometimes there are visual manifestations of toxic materials. While most gasses and vapors are invisible, you may occasionally see vapor clouds and particles in the air. Chemical dust also often settles on the ground after being airborne. This dust may become airborne again if it's disturbed. Finally, keep an eye out for warning signs and labels which warn about toxic elements.

Smell and Taste

Smelling a chemical means that you're inhaling the chemical. This doesn't necessarily mean you've been exposed to toxic levels. It depends on the chemical's odor threshold. Some chemicals give off a smell for low amounts which are non-hazardous. It would be wise to know a chemical's odor threshold in order to determine if toxic exposure has occurred. You should never intentionally taste a potentially harmful chemical, but sometimes you might accidentally inhale or get some in your mouth. If you taste a chemical, it's likely that you've been exposed.

Physical Symptoms

In some toxic exposure cases, symptoms surface right away. Your respiratory system may become contaminated with particles which are visible when you blow your nose. Exposure to solvents causes a narcotic effect, with feelings of dizziness, drunkenness, tiredness, and headaches.

Who is Liable For Toxic Exposure?

If you're a construction worker who has discovered health problems caused by toxic exposure, a Workers' Compensation claim is your best route for compensation. Pennsylvania's Workers' Comp laws prohibit employees from suing their employer after an on-the-job injury, regardless of the degree of negligence. However, worker's comp claims will often be insufficient. If your injuries were the result of a third party's negligence, then you will be permitted to file a lawsuit against that party.

For example, let's say the manufacturer of the chemical you were toxically exposed to neglected to mention that specific types of protective equipment should be used to limit exposure. This act of omission would constitute negligence on the part of the manufacturer. In this scenario, you have the right to sue that manufacturer for the negligence which leads to your health problems.

If you're concerned that your job site may contain toxic chemicals, we recommend requesting an OSHA inspection. They will evaluate your safety standards and cite your employer for any violations. You are permitted to remain anonymous. If you suspect third party negligence contributed to your exposure, an experienced personal injury lawyer can fight for the compensation you need to recover.

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