Have you or a loved one recently suffered trauma from a head-on collision? We understand your concerns during this difficult time:

  • How can I hold the other driver liable?
  • Who will pay for these  medical expenses?
  • How will I support myself without my spouse around?

We sympathize with you and your family as you try to move on from this tragic accident. When you're ready to take legal action, we'll be here to listen.

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Free Consultation (877) 996-5837

Our experienced car accident attorneys are here to help guide you during this difficult time and to recover accident-related expenses.

— Brian Mittman, Esq.

Every day, drivers face a variety of dangers on the road. Even safe drivers are at risk because of the recklessness of dangerous ones. Head-on collisions often show us the scariest side of the road.

When such a tragic accident occurs, victims and their families require guidance for the painful recovery process. It's important to hold negligent drivers liable for the pain and suffering they've caused.

The aftermath of a head-on collision is an ugly sight: both cars are usually totaled, and one or more parties are often seriously injured. The victims of these accidents often have the most difficult recoveries.

Common Causes

Head-on collisions are categorized as lane-departure or road-departure crashes. Sideswipes and run-off-road crashes are also included in this category.

These accidents all share the same general common cause: a driver drifting out of his or her lane or off the road altogether. With head-on collisions, the driver may have drifted to the opposite side of the road and into oncoming traffic.

The majority of head-on collisions are caused by some form of distracted or impaired driving. There is never a good enough reason to drive impaired.

Whether they cause an accident or not, impaired drivers endanger the lives of everyone else they encounter on the road that day. There are numerous forms of impaired driving, which should be avoided at all costs.


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Drunk Driving

Lane and road departures often result from a loss of control by the driver. Intoxicated drivers are much more likely to temporarily lose control or focus and accidentally drift into oncoming traffic.


head-on collision damage white car

Drowsy driving is one of the most common causes of traffic accidents. According to the NHTSA, drowsy drivers accounted for approximately 44,000 traffic injuries and 800 deaths in 2013. According to a 2005 poll, about 60% of Americans admitted to driving while drowsy, and a scary 37% have admitted to falling asleep at the wheel.

Distracted Driving

It only takes a few seconds for a distracted driver to lose focus on the road and drift out of his or her lane. If a driver is distracted by a cell phone, eating, or grooming, it’s much more likely that the driver’s wheel will become uncentered and cause the vehicle to depart from its lane.

The three most common causes of head-on collisions have one thing in common - an inattentive and/or impaired driver. A sober, well-rested driver who is focused on the road is much less likely to cause one of these devastating accidents.

Determining Liability

In many head-on collisions, the at-fault driver can be clearly identified. Since most of these accidents are caused by some form of reckless or irresponsible driving, investigators and police can usually identify the cause of the accident and the guilty party. If there are any witnesses to the crash, they will most likely be able to give a statement about which driver drifted from a lane into oncoming traffic to cause the crash.

However, there are certain situations which make it more difficult to assign blame for the accident.

An At-Fault Third Party

In some head-on collisions, a third-party driver may be responsible for the crash. For example, if Driver A makes a reckless move and cuts Driver B off without warning, Driver B may panic and swerve into oncoming traffic to avoid a rear-end collision. This may cause him to collide head-on with Driver C on the opposite side of the road. Sometimes, Driver A may not realize his mistake and continue driving, leaving B and C to deal with the aftermath.

Unsafe Road Conditions

Some head-on collisions are caused by dangerous road conditions due to weather-related factors, poor maintenance, or obstructions. Some examples include:

  • An icy or snow covered road may cause a driver to lose control and swerve into oncoming traffic.
  • A large pothole may cause a tire to blowout or a temporary loss of control, leading to a collision.
  • Another motorist may have lost a large object, such as a mattress tied to the roof of the car, forcing another driver to avoid the obstruction and consequently cause an accident.

The first two examples may place the municipality at fault for the accident, while the third is another example of an at-fault third party.

Automotive Defects

Occasionally, an automotive defect may lead to a collision. For example, a faulty brake system may cause a driver to veer into oncoming traffic in order to avoid a rear-end collision with the driver in front of him or her. In these cases, the automobile manufacturer may be held liable for the accident. If the car had recently passed an inspection without an identification of the problem, the repair shop could be held liable.

Life After A Head-On Collision

Head-on collisions are some of the most difficult to recover from, if a victim is lucky enough to survive the crash. Although they only account for about 2% of total traffic accidents, head-on collisions are responsible for 10% of fatalities. Many individuals who do survive such crashes are forced to undergo a long and difficult rehabilitation process. Some of these people spend years or decades recovering physically, mentally, and financially.ambulance in parking lot

The victims of these accidents may have difficulty returning to their normal way of life, and the families of those involved in fatal accidents may never recover from the pain of suddenly losing a loved one. In many cases, financial compensation from the guilty party may help to partially alleviate such difficulties as:

Medical Expenses

Many head-on collisions result in permanent disabilities and chronic health problems which may require extensive medical treatment. For many victims, health insurance caps may prevent adequate treatment. In these cases, the liable party may be ordered to bridge the financial gap.

Lost Wages and/or Employment

Victims are often forced to miss extended periods of work, which may result in lost wages and possibly unemployment. Civil courts may hold the at-fault party financially responsible for future and past lost wages or the victim’s inability to find further employment as a result of the accident.

Quality of Life

Some victims may be saddled with lifelong disabilities as the result of a head-on crash. For instance, victims who are physically unable to work in their field again, or those who were previously very physically active in their personal life may receive financial compensation for a loss of quality of life.

Wrongful Death

The families of victims involved in fatal accidents are forced to deal with the anguish of losing a loved one for the rest of their lives. Along with pain and suffering, these families also deserve compensation for unpaid medical bills, funeral and burial expenses, and loss of financial support.

Victims and their families may be overwhelmed with the complicated recovery process following a head-on collision. We suggest contacting a Pennsylvania car accident lawyer who can assist you in building a case and receiving the financial compensation you need to recover as fully as possible.

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